Many disease-causing germs can make their way into our everyday lives without us even realizing it. Bacteria such as Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli are among the most common and can reach humans primarily through animals and food.
Salmonella enterica is a gram-negative rod bacterium that has many different strains which is a genetic variant or subtype of a microorganism. It is primarily spread through the fecal-oral route from animals to humans either through contaminated food or close animal interactions. Most strains of Salmonella cause the signs and symptoms of gastroenteritis which include diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, and vomiting. Children under the age of five are the most likely to get an infection while infants, adults 65 and older, and people with a weakened immune system are the most likely to have severe infections. Severe infections typically involve infection in the urine, blood, bones, joints, or nervous system (CDC
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